Sea of Galilee / Periods: Hellenistic, New Testament, Josephus Flavius, Roman, Byzantine, Arabic.

Located in the north of Israel, on the shores of Lake “Sea of Galilee”, not far from the Monastery of Beatitudes and the church of Multiplication are the ruins of an ancient synagogue: The White Synagogue. This holy place of pilgrimage has been filmed for you in Virtual Reality 360° by the team of 360HolyPlaces™. It is a place of pilgrimage well known as the theater of Jesus’ discourse on the bread of life. This synagogue was built upon the remains of the Synagogue of Jesus Christ.

“They went to Capernaum, and when the Sabbath came, Jesus went into the synagogue and began to teach.” (Mark)

The synagogue of Capernaum is located just inside a shore with its facade leading to the holy city of Jerusalem. The date of its creation remains in debate. It is situated on an elevated position, was entirely decorated and was built of white limestone imported from another region because there was none in Capernaum. What would have contrasted with the local black basalt of the rest of the village. What would have surely put the building in value, giving it a certain statue compared to the village. This is why it bears the name of the “White Synagogue”, rather of a basilica style, with a small terrace to the south and a courtyard to the east. We can distinguish three entrances that are all in the south wall. It is architecturally made up of a rectangular edifice: an atrium, a prayer room, a patio that leads to the west. The other walls were lined with columns supporting the roof. A side door in the eastern wall leads to a courtyard used for the needs of the community (reception, events, Jewish holidays …). There is also a menorah (Hebrew candlestick) as well as Greek inscription.

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White Synagogue in Capernaum

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