We start the path that the Christ took. It is situated on Via Dolorosa, just 300 meters after the Lion’s Gate, just on the left, we see the station 1 in the courtyard of the Muslim school Al-Omariya, not far from the Temple Mount. This Muslim school dates from 1923 or the site has been converted. At this Station, Jesus is condemned to death. This place of pilgrimage was filmed for you in 360° by the team of 360HolyPlaces™.
“Then they led Jesus from Caïaphas to the Praetorium”
Pontius Pilate interrogates Jesus Christ and then pronounces the sentence of death, then begins his Passion (John XIX 1-2-3) 4 his sufferings endured until his death. A modern tradition is that Ponce-Pilate’s praetorium was in the Antonia fortress in reference to Marc-Antoine or a Roman garrison. It is also the place from which the hearings are held that will lead to the condamnation of Jesus. The hypothesis is based on the discovery of a marble pavement, the gabbatha, under the Chapel of the Condemnation and the Convent of Ecce Homo: the Lithostratos, that is to say the place where Jesus appeared Before Pontius Pilate, and was condemned. Archaeological research indicates that this paving was built by Emperor Hadrian as part of the construction of Ælia Capitolina which is the Roman name given to Jerusalem. The Praetorium was in fact situated in the ancient palace of Herod situated at the other end of the old town near the present gate of Jaffa. In the time of the Crusaders, the Templars erected a chapel of the Rest on the site of the fortress (part of which remained until the 1920s).
The Mamelukes installed a madrasa where the governor lived in a praetorium, then the Ottomans, from 1517 to 1917, barracks and a prison, reinforcing the Christian tradition that it was in this place that the judgment of Jesus took place. From March to October on Friday afternoons traditionally the processions led by the Franciscan monks are escorted by priests and preceded by Muslim guardians in traditional Ottoman uniforms.
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