The Shefela region is characterized by fertile hills in vegetation, and ancient ruins. Two main valleys also characterize this region, namely the valley of Elah and the Ayalon valley. Many small natural holes as well as basins decorate this landscape already rich in vegetation. Many visitors or inhabitants of Israeli cities in the area go to these natural springs and pools to relax and refresh during the summer, and on weekends.
Shefela was an important region during Biblical times. For the region of Shefela represented at that time the entrance of the city of Jerusalem and other great cities into the mountains, such as Hebron and Bethlehem, and there were many important cities in the Shefela itself.
This area also represented the place of battle between the Israelites and the Philistines. There is a very well-known battle taking place in the Shefela as well, the battle between David and Goliath.
Many caves also adorn the landscape, in fact when the Jewish Bar Kochba leader revolted against the Roman reign in the year 132, his supporters built a network of caves across the Shefela to conceal them.
In 1948, Shefela was also the site of a war between Israel and the armies of Jordan and Iraq that were trying to reach the coast and conquer Tel Aviv. During the six-day war in 1967, the entire west bank of the Jordan River was conquered by Israel, including the Jordanian Shefela and the mountains of Judea and Samaria.
Many places of pilgrimage and ruins are in this region. See below.