Jerusalem - via dolorosa / Periods: Old Testament, Roman, Byzantine, Arabic.

ALSO NAMED THE SISTERS OF OUR LADY OF SION.

Their charism bears testimony in the Church and in the world of the love of God for the Jewish people. This ministry is based on the study of the Word of God and enables the creation of links to reconciliation among all peoples. The international congregation brings together apostolic sisters and contemplative sisters.

Situated in Via Dolorosa between the Station 2 and Station 3, this convent was discovered in 1857, during the construction of a house of education by Father Ratisbonne, the ruins are authentic and offer the believers a place of meditation and prayer that promotes silence. The location of the Convent of the Ecce Homo contains important vestiges of the Roman era. Starting from the Crusades, the Christian tradition saw in this quarter the starting point of the Painful Flight, and here we commemorated the Suffering of Christ in the hands of the Roman Soldiers and his judgment by Pilate, hence the name “Ecce Homo, “which alludes to John 19: 5: Jesus went out, bearing the crown of thorns and the mantle of purple color. Pilate said to them, “Behold the man!” This place was filmed by the team of 360HolyPlaces™ for you. The vestiges, among the best preserved of the Country are:

  • a cistern (the Strouthion, a Greek word meaning sparrow)
  • a stone paving with games,
  • a bow.

The current archaeological studies lead us to think that the convent is to the north of the site of the fortress Antonia. The fortress, built on an open platform, surrounded by a ditch, was built by Herod the Great around 30 BC. J.-C. It served to protect the City from attacks from the north and allowed the Roman soldiers to control the entire Temple. See Flavius Josephus: “the war of the Jews”.

  • The Strouthion cistern (No. 3) A canal (6) built in the time of the Hasmoneans (2nd century BC) brought water to the cisterns of the Temple. Herod made, digging on his way, in the north pit of the Antonia, a reservoir of water, the Strouthion), for the fortress and its environs. The cistern was later covered with a vault by Hadrian in 135 AD to build the Roman vole. The house was built largely above the cistern.
  • the Roman pavement (10) is the work of Hadrian who placed it on the vaults of the cistern. It served as Forum and marketplace in Aelia Capitolina (name that Hadrian gave to the city which he built in 135 AD on the ruins of Jerusalem destroyed by Titus in 7.0 AD.- ) A Roman game, the king’s , is engraved on the pavement. “And to evoke in this place, traditionally called” lithostrotos “, the scene of derision reported in John 1 9, 1- 3. The pavement reuses the paved stones of the Antonia destroyed in 70 AD
  • Hadrian erected a Triple Arc (14) as one of the triumphant entrances of Aelia Capitolina. The largest of these arches is called “Arch of Ecce Homo”. It crosses Via Dolorosa and extends into the interior of the Basilica (I6) where you can see the north arch. smaller. Today the arch remains the place where the Church commemorates the trial of Jesus before Pilate. The basilica, built in 1918 was erected in the Basilica of the Coronation of Thorns by Leo XIII. the same year.

POSITION OF THE CHURCH ON THE PASSION OF JESUS
1965 Vatican Council II “Nostra Aetatelt” 48 – b 6, 9

” What was committed during the Passion can not be imputed indiscriminately to all the Jews living at the time, nor to the Jews of our As the Church has always held and still holds it, it is because of the sins of all men and voluntarily that Christ, in his immense love, has resigned himself to his passion and death So that all men may obtain salvation, so the Church’s duty is to proclaim the Cross of Christ as the sign of the universal love of God and the source of all grace.

“1974 Vatican Document Guidelines
(Ch3, Teaching and Education)

It is the same God “inspirateur and author of the books of the two Testaments (Dei Verbum 16) which speaks in the old and the new Covenant. The Old Testament and Jewish tradition based on it must not be opposed to the New Testament, in such a way that they seem to offer only a religion of justice alone. Of fear and of legalism, without appeal to the love of God and neighbor. “(Deut 6: 5: Lev 19:18; 22, 34)

“Ecce Homo”
“Here is the Man”

Throughout the centuries, the pilgrims of the Holy Land have come to nurture and strengthen their faith on the paths where Jesus had walked. Prayer, the contemplation of the mysteries of his life, his Passion and Resurrection, the faithful faithfulness of the Church, have founded the holiness of the places where these mysteries are commemorated. Right here. The words of Scripture resound with particular force:
“The chastisement that restores us is upon him: it is through his wounds that we are healed.” Isaiah 53,5
“My Kingdom is not of this world,” John 18.36
“Lord, when did you happen to see you hungry and feed you naked and clothe yourself sick or prisoner and come to see you?” “Truly I say to you, to the extent that you have done To one of the least of my brethren, it is to me that you have done it. “Matthew 25: 37-40” He is our peace … in his flesh he has destroyed hatred: Eph. 2.14 22, 34)

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Ecce Homo Convent

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