In northern Israel, between Herzlia and Netanya, in the region of the Sharon, it is situated the National Park of Apollonia.
Apollonia National Park, also known as Arsouf north to Herzliya is situated on the shore by the sea. It was an ancient city and fortress. Towards the 5th or 6th century BC, this city was colonized by the Phoenicians, and is named Reshef after Resheph, the Canaanite God of fertility and the underworld. During the Hellenistic period, it was a city of anchorage, governed by the Seleucids and renamed Apollonia. Under Roman rule, the size of the city increased. It was considered as an important colony between Jaffa and Caesarea along Via Maris, the coastal road. In 113 AD, Apollonia was partially destroyed by an earthquake, but recovered quickly. The port was subsequently rebuilt, and trade with Italy and North Africa began to develop. The city expanded to cover a large area of 70 acres during the Byzantine period. It was considered the largest city after Caesarea, populated by Christians and Samaritans, having an elaborate church and a prosperous glass industry. Around 640 AD, the city was conquered by the Muslims, and the Semitic name Arsuf was restored as Yamli of Reshef. The city has an area that has been reduced to as much as 20 acres and for the first time it was surrounded by a fortified wall with buttresses to resist the constant attacks of the Byzantine fleets by the sea. Trade resumed thereafter, major markets reappeared, and pottery production also expanded.
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